Thomas of Appleton and Westminster c
Thomas Broket established a land-owning dynasty that
lasted 275 years. Born into a parish-gentry clan
he rose to county and then national level. He became Lord
of a manor near York c 1393 through marriage to the heiress.
By 1399 he was working in the Exchequer at Westminster
as a Clerk, and as an Attorney soon after, if not before.
Then in 1410 he was appointed Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer.
This brought him wealth through grants from the king, such
that he could arrange a marriage for his son Thomas to a yet
wealthier heiress in Hertfordshire, rebuild the manor in Appleton
and endow its parish church with a Lady Chapel, probably a
chantry to his perpetual memory.
1. Early years
Assuming he married by 1393, Thomas would have been born
no later than 1373, and probably some years earlier.
A man's age at marriage could have been as low as 20 in the
14th C, especially in richer families, (Razi 1986 pp 50-64
& 70), but Thomas' parents are not definitely known. Assuming
further that Thomas was from the Ainsty
rather than the City, 1363 would have been his earliest
year of birthhe didn't pay poll tax in the
Ainsty in 1379,
the eligible age for which was 16. If he was born in York
we do not know the earliest date. The 1377 poll tax for the
City might have recorded his parents, but only half of it
survives (Leggett 1971 p 131). Had he been 25 or more in 1385
he may well have been a deponent in the Controversy between
Sir Richard Scrope and Sir Robert Grosvenor (Nicolas 1832).
if born 1364
if born 1373
at the Exchequer
as Treasurer's Remembrancer
Thomas was most likely the son of Thomas
of Yorkshire, who himself could have been the son of Thomas
To be able to plead later in the court of Exchequer at Westminster,
Thomas would have had to have had good schooling,
either in York or perhaps even at one of the Inns of Court
in Londonthe universities in those pre-university days
(Keen 1990 pp 233-5). He would have been in minor
ordersa 'clerk' (l 4 of his appointment
Education at the time was divided into levels: grammar,
writing, reading and song (Moran 1985 pp 21-62). St Andrew's
at Acaster had most if not all of these, but was not founded
till c 1470 (Moran 1985 pp 51, 237). There were no schools
in Tadcaster till 1446, Nun Appleton till 1489 and Bolton
Percy till 1505 (Moran 1985 pp 242, 265, 274). If Thomas was
an Appleton or Steeton boy, the nearest school of
any kind would have been York. There were several
there, including St Leonard's Hospital where Robert
Broket had connections.
William Sampson, Lord
of the Manor of Southwood in Appleton, would have arranged
the marriage of his daughter and heiress Dionisia
to Thomas before he died in 1393. Once she inherited Southwood,
Thomas Broket became Lord of the Manor in 1393
by right of his wife. The Broket armsOr a cross
flory sableare an inverse of the Sampsons'Sable
a cross flory or.
Among the disparate group of records known
as 'Old Grants' there is no grant or confirmation of arms
made to any Broket. Families bearing arms 'time out of mind'
did not need such a grant. But up-and-coming men also assumed
arms themselves in late medieval timesto do so on one's
own initiative in the early 15th C was just as proper as accepting
them from a herald (Thrupp 1948 p 307).
Did the earlier Steeton Brokets bear arms, as Harley
807 stated? Did one originally model it on Vescy or Percy
overlords? The basic Yorkshire Vescy arms
were: Or a cross sableBroket colours but with
a simple cross (Foster 1875 pp 585 Brampton-en-le-Morthen,
56, 146). More specifically, William de Lacell:
Sable a cross patonce or, held 2 knight's fees of
William de Vescy: Gules a cross patonce
argent (Foster 1875 p 25). See also Percehay
of Ryton and Barton, Rydal 14-15th C: Argent a cross patonce
gules, Argent a cross flory gules (Foster 1875
pp 186, 403, 447, 639; Poulson 1840 p 403.)
William de Vescy
William de Lacell
Percehay 14-15th C
Gules a cross patonce argent
Sable a cross flory or
Argent a cross flory gules
Or did Thomas assume arms by modifying the Sampson arms:
Sable a cross flory or
Or a cross flory sable
It is incorrect that Brokets first assumed arms in Hertfordshire
(H Andrews 1927 pp 401-2).
The arms are emblazoned in stone in the
original external wall over the SE window of Bolton Percy
Church and are 'a clear indication that this [Broket] family
endowed the Lady Chapel and may even have established a chantry
there' (M J Harrison 2000 pp 14, 92). The Church was completed
in 1424about 14 years after Thomas' appointment as Remembrancerand
the outside fabric was not added to later. There are no other
arms built into the outside fabric. In those pre-literate
days they were a clear visual symbol of Broket lordship and
influence. However, while Thomas and Dionisia would have been
buried in the Chapelstill called the Brockett Chapeltheir
although the local lord, was buried in churchyard; perhaps
their own son
In his Visitation of Yorkshire in 1584/5 Glover mentioned
the [uncoloured] arms on the external wall: '..., a cross
patonce ... This was cutt in stone without the Church' and
went on to describe an inscription on a gravestone.
Glover also mentioned 2 other occurrences of Thomas
Brockett's armsOr a cross patonce sablein
Bolton Percy Church, one charged with a cinquefoil
argenta five-lobed flower (Foster 1875 p 424).
Crosses flory and patonce are little different and commonly
interchanged, as with Percehay and Lascelles above. Later
in Hertfordshire the Broket cross was usually described as
patonce (Burke 1884 p 126). In addition, Glover
assigned 2 further arms in the church to Brockett: Gules
a fesse between 2 lions passant or and Sable a cross
patonce or, rather than to Harwood and Sampson (Foster
1875 p 425).
Working in Westminster Thomas was well placed to hear about
land availability and attract patronage for his children, and
(b bef 1396) and Edward
(b bef 1417) are well documented. Thomas and Dionisia would
have had other children between, perhaps before and after too.
Among them in all likelihood were Parnelle
who was working for the Exchequer in 1419 and William
(b 1400-1410) who was working for the Exchequer up to 1433.
of Hatfield another son?
Thomas BROKET m bef 1393 Dionisia SAMPSON
| | | | | |
| ?| ?| | | |
Elizabeth m Thomas Parnelle William Lucy m Elizabeth Edward m Elizabeth
ASH no issue DALISONE m HASELRIG | THWAITES
has 2 Thomases, one dying without issue, and is the source
for Lucy. It also places Elizabeth
as a child of Thomas and Elizabeth Ashas also Edward
who married Elizabeth Thwaitesi.e. grandchildren of
Thomas and Dionisia instead of children. But these were an
Elizabethan reconstruction. In 1422 Thomasthe father
of Thomas and Edwardwas granted all the lands of the
late Thomas Hesylrigg of Eslyngton
Esq until the lawful age of his son and heir, together with
the marriage of the heir. He appears to have married
the heir to his daughter.
There is a memorial in Noseley chapelc 10 m E of Leicesterto
Elizabeth and Thomas Hesilrige d 1467, ancestors of the current
Lord Hazelrigg. Thomas succeeded to the estates 1434, so would
have been b c 1413. Elizabeth was therefore probably
b c 1415. There is also a tomb there of Margaret
d 1406, daughter of Sir Ralph Hastings and wife of Sir John
Blaket, d c 1437 (Hill
1875 pp 179-193; VCH Leicestershire vol
5 p 266). A pedigree in Nichols Leicestershire (vol
2 p 756?) described Elizabeth as daughter and heir of Sir
Thomas Broket. It also mistakenly called Sir John Blaket Sir
Thomas is said to have rebuilt Brocket
Hall (Harley 807). This accords with its change of name
As joint executor with his much older kinsman Nicholas
of the will of John Somurby, Priest, Thomas took an oath to
prepare an inventory of John's goods and render account to
Archbishop Richard Scrope of York (Swanson
1985 p 25; http://www.scroope.net/ancestors/masham/archbishoprichardlescrope.htm)
1403 Thomas was executor of the will of
William Barkar of Tadcaster, proved 8 Nov
(J Raine et al 1836- vol 1 p 328).
1424 With John and Joan Boteller, Thomas paid
the York City Chamberlains 1 mark regarding 2 messuages and
6 bovates of land in Wygynton, Co York, and 12 messuages and
2 gardens in the City (York City Archives E39 Lib Miscellanea
vol 8 p 215).
1431 Thomas and Dionisia are recorded in
a title deed in the City of York (Rees-Jones 1996 no 4160).
1455 'Thomas Brockett of Bolton Percy' is
mentioned in the will of Sir John Stapilton of Wighill as
having given John an engraved silver piece with parcel gilt
(Chetwynd-Stapylton 1884 p 389).
1458 Thomas and Dionisia are mentioned in
a release of lands by their heir Thomas
in Nether Acaster, just across the river Ouse from Bolton
de Dalby, Archdeacon of Richmond, Yorkshire,
as listed in the inventory on his death (Rycraft n d pp
28-9; J Raine et al 1836- vol 3 p 17).
Broket de scaccario domini Regis pro
diversis ecclesiis et Prioratibus super ipsum pendentibus
in eodem scaccario vijli xixs vjd.
'[Owed] to Thomas Broket of the Lord
King's exchequer, for divers churches and priories pending
upon him in the same exchequer, £7 19s 6d.'
Thomas was therefore working in the Exchequer before 1400.
Abbot of Selby, Yorkshire
||Gave 60 ash trees
to Thomas Brocket c 1401 for pleading
on his behalf as his attorney in the court of the Exchequer
(Tillotson p 82, misquoting BL Cotton Vit. E.XVI, f 116v).
| 8 Oct
Westminster (Patent Roll C66/350)
Santon, clerk and attorney of Langeton, about
10 miles NE of York.
from the king allowing Santon to give John Brokholes and
Thomas Broket general power of attorney
to collect moneys for him throughout England for a year
while he was in Ireland. Either of them could deputise
interchangeably. John Brockholes was the king's Clerk
of the Signet, later canon and prebend of Boole, York.
From at least 1399 Thomas was working and moving in court
circles down in Westminster, often an absentee landlord from
his Appleton manor. One imagines he was a frequent visitor
to the Archbishop of York's Inn at Westminster (Kingsford
1926 p 138). From 1410-35 he couldn't have effectively fulfilled
the role of Remembrancer without being in Westminster much
of the time. This was where the lucrative wardships were handed
out by the king, and probably where he heard of the FitzSimon
heiress and negotiated her marriage to his son.
b) On behalf of Sheriffs and Escheators
The Sheriffs, Escheators and others paid their dues twice
a year to the Exchequer. An attorney usually deputised for
them. Thomas was Attorney for the Sheriffs of York
County and City and Escheators 1398-1410 (King's
Remembrancer: Memoranda Rolls and Enrolment BooksPRO
E159/186 series). The following entry is typical:
Vicecomitum Escaetorum & aliorum ad Scheccarium ad
profra sua facienda ad Crastinum
2. sancti Michaelis Anno Vndecimo Regis Henrici quarti
3. Cumbria ...
4. Northumbria ...
5. Nouum Castrum ...
6. Eboracum Vicecomes videlicet Willelmus Haryngton
venit per Thomam Broket attornatum suum &
tulit xxx li
7. Ciuitas Eboracum Vicecomites videlicet Iohannes
Moreton & Robertus Gamit venerunt per Thomam Broket
8. & tulit de exitibus balliue sue xs
arrival of the Sheriffs, the Escheators and others at
the Exchequer to make their proffers on the day after
2. Michaelmas 11 Hen IV (30 Sep 1410)
6. York: The Sheriff, i.e. William Haryngton was
represented by Thomas Broket, his attorney, who
7. York City: The Sheriffs, i.e. John Moreton
and Robert Gamit were represented by Thomas Broket,
8. who brought 10s from the revenues of their baileywick.
On 6 Jan 1410 Lord Henry Scrope
of Masham in Yorkshire became Treasurer of England
(Complete Peerage vol 11 pp 564-6). Six months later
on 19 June his Remembrancer the
Yorkshireman Richard Banks became a Baron
of the Exchequer. On 11 July Scrope appointed Thomas Remembrancer
(PRO E159/186 Trin m 6):
De Thoma Broket admisso ad officium
1. Vacante officio Rememoratoris Thesaurarij
huius scaccarij modo vndecimo die
Iulij hoc termino
2. per cessionem Ricardi Bank'
nuper Rememoratoris ibidem modo vnius
3. Scaccarij per dominum
Regem constituti / henricus lescrop'
chevalier Thesaurarius Anglie ad
4. ex antiquo spectat aliquem clericum
idoneum ad dictum officium
5. constituendum predicto vndecimo
die Iulij presentauit & constituit Thomam
6. ad dictum officium Rememoratoris
hic in scaccario faciendum & exercendum
qui ad officium illud
7. admissus est & prestitit sacramentum
coram Baronibus huius scaccarij
eodem die de bene &
8. fideliter se habendo in officio predicto.
Concerning the admission of Thomas Broket
to the office of the Treasurer of England's Remembrancer
1. The office of Remembrancer to this Treasurer of the
Exchequer being now vacant, 11 July of this term,
2. by the resignation of Richard Banks
the former Remembrancer in the same placenow one
of the Barons of the same
3. Exchequer having been appointed by the lord kingHenry
Le Scrope Knight, Treasurer of England, to whom
4. of old the responsibility belongs of appointing some
suitable clerk to the said office when
it shall fall vacant,
5. on the aforesaid 11 July presented and appointed
6. to do and carry out the said office of Remembrancer
here in the Exchequer and he to that office
7. was admitted and took his oath in the presence of the
Barons of this Exchequer on the same day to well
8. and loyally conduct himself in the aforesaid office.
The annual salary was 40 marks (£26 13s 4d) plus a
variable income from fees (Sainty 1983 p 50) and backhanders.
Thomas held the post for 25 years till his
Others who held this Office became knightslike Robert
Lytton, Remembrancer for 20 years 1485-1505 and John
Smith Remembrancer for 34 years 1513-47 (Sainty 1983
Thomas appears many times in the Memoranda Rolls, especially
during his time as Remembrancer.
|A very late example is on m 2
of the Recorda section of the roll for 1435, where on
10 Sep that year re Kingston on Hull there were Letters
Patent assigning him and William Babthorp to investigate
various transactions of the former Sheriff William Ryther.
This is strange, as Thomas had died on 13 April 1435.
Perhaps it is why these letters were not enrolledthey
aren't in the Patent Roll Calendar.
Henry Scrope was executed for treason outside
Southampton 5 Aug 1415 and his head was stuck on Mickelgate
Bar in York, but Thomas was confirmed in office. In the uncertain
political atmosphere of a new under-age king he was seen to
be able to do the job.
Thomas was not part of Scrope's circle,
or he would have been mentioned in Scrope's will (Nicolas
1832 pp 142-7) and neither he nor any Brokets are recorded
as a witness, or in any other capacity, among the Scrope muniments
in Westminster Abbey (communication from M Devine 2004). He
had done work in 1399 for Scrope's brother Richard,
Archbishop of York and was clearly a fellow Yorkshireman,
but beyond that Thomas' connection with Henry Scrope
is not clear. In 1419 Thomas
was given the difficult task of investigating whether Scrope's
mother had kept back some of her son's forfeited possessions.
Then in 1432-3 Thomas served Scrope's brother
during his year as Treasurer.
Thomas served 11 Treasurersalways
noblemenin Westminster (Fryde et al 1986 p 106):
Scrope lord Scrope of Masham dismissed (and beheaded)
20 Dec 1411
FitzAlan Earl of Arundel d 13 Oct 1415
Mortimer knt (chamberlain of Henry V as prince
of Wales) d between 13 Apr and 23 May 1416
Leche knt dismissed 23 Nov 1416
FitzHugh lord FitzHugh king's Chamberlain 1413-22
Kinwolmarsh (under-Treasurer 1417-21) Dean of
St Martin's le-Grand
Kinwolmarsh reappointed d 18 Dec 1422
Stafford Dean of Wells Bishop of Bath and Wells
1424-43 Chancellor ....
Hungerford 1st lord Hungerford 1426
Scrope lord Scrope of Masham
Cromwell lord Cromwell and king's Chamberlain
The penultimate TreasurerSir
John Scrope 4th Lord Scrope of Mashamhad his
Barony restored in 1426 and bought back the Scrope lands confiscated
following his brother's execution in 1415 (http://www.scroope.net/ancestors/masham/john4thlordscropeofmasham.htm).
Being Remembrancer to John Scrope must have been difficult:
- Thomas had earlier had to list all John's brother Henry's
- He had had to pursue their mother
for jewelry she had kept back.
- The case brought by Danvers
in 1433 against Thomas' probable own son William was heard
before the Lord Chancellor of England in Westminster in
the presence of top lords, including the Lord Treasurer
of England, John Lord Scrope.
The next Remembrancer to be appointed
in the rolls was John Cerf on 8 Nov 1435
(E159/212 m 3d of the Recorda section). The post was
vacant because Thomas had died. John had long worked
with Thomas as a mainpernor,
and already in 1413 was referred to as:
Clericorum Thome Broket vnius
remematoris Scaccarij nostri
||one of the
Clerks of Thomas Broket one of the Remembrancers
of our Treasury
|(York City Archives
E39 Lib Miscellanea vol 8 p 166)
John was probably a member of the long-established Steeton
The corruption in the government administration at this time
was satirised in a long poem describing the
progress of an account through the Exchequer (Haskins and
George 1921 pp 58-67). Those needing to be bribed at each
step are listedthe Auditor, the Baron, the Chancellor
himselfand on line 37 the two Remembrancers
are referred to by name. Robert Thresk was King's
Remembrancer 1398-1419 and Richard Bank was
Treasurer's Remembrancer 1397-1410, dating the poem 1398-1410.
Richard Bank was Thomas Broket's immediate predecessor. Ten
lines can be singled out (the translation is not literal):
tamen pone quod erit plus grata sequela
32. Si cum barone fiat privata loquela,
33. Baroni cuivis placeas, saltim capitali, ...
36. Placa cum do das memoratoris bene mentem.
37. Thresk Bank ambo duo memoratores
38. Ne pro posse tuo vacuis manibus videantur.
39. Ut serves morem per dona placens sis ad illum
40. Cancellatorem quem scis portare sigillum.
Realise that the next stage will go a lot better
32. if you have a private discussion with a baron
33. choose a specially influential one. ...
36. Please the Remembrancer with the verb 'I give...'
37. Look after both Remembrancers, Thresk and
38. make sure you don't leave their hands empty.
39. To maintain tradition make pleasing gifts to that
40. Chancellor whom you know carries the Seal.
Abuse may have decreased after 1406, when articles for the
reform of the government administration were presented to
the king by the Commons. The taking of gifts and fees by the
Treasurer and the officers of the Exchequerincluding
'les deux Remembranciers'are mentioned
in article 15 (Haskins and George 1921 p 65, citing Rot. Parl.
iii. 588a). But some of the practices may well have continued
during Thomas' office.
Jul 16 Westminster
Calendar of Fine Rolls p 71
|Commitment (with like
clause) to Robert de Malton, clerk, and William Lokton
of Heton,by mainprise of Walter Knoll of the county
of Surrey and Thomas Broket of the county
of York,of the keeping of two-thirds of
all the lands in the county of York late of Robert Percehay,
'chivaler,' deceased, who held of the king in chief; to
hold the same from the time of Robert's death until the
lawful age of his heir together with the marriage of the
said heir, and so from heir to heir until one of them
shall have attained lawful age and the marriage has been
effected by them, rendering yearly for the keeping the
extent of the said two-thirds, and for the marriage as
much as may be agreed upon between them and the treasurer.
By bill, of the treasurer.
Feb 20 Westminster
Calendar of Fine Rolls p 153
|Commitment to John
Rome, clerk, John Staverton, William Rees and Richard
de Burgh,by mainprise of Walter de Waltham of the
county of Essex and Thomas Broket of
the county of York,of the keeping of the
manor of Fennystanton, co. Huntingdon, late of
Thomas late duke of Norfolk; to hold the same from Michaelmas
last for as long as the manor shall remain in the king's
hand by the death of the said duke and by reason of the
minority of Thomas his son and heir, rendering £40
yearly to the king at the Easter and Michaelmas Exchequers
and £100 each year to John Moubray, son of the said
duke (otherwise called the son of the earl marshal last
deceased), for his main- tenance during the minority of
Thomas Moubray his brother, by equal portions at Christmas,
Easter, Midsummer and Michael- mas; with clause touching
maintenance of buildings and support of charges. By bill
of the treasurer.
Sep 20 Westminster
Calendar of Fine Rolls p 217
|Commitment to Thomas
Broket and Thomas Gowere,by mainprise of
Henry Preston of the county of York and John Bever of
the county of Lincoln,of the keeping of all
the lands late of John de Cawode of Cawode, tenant
of the king in chief; to hold the same from the time of
his death until the lawful age of his son and heir, together
with the marriage of the said heir, and so from heir to
heir until one of them shall have attained lawful age
and they shall have effected the marriage, rendering,
for the keeping, the extent thereof yearly by equal portions
at the Easter and Michaelmas Exchequers, and for the marriage
as much as may be agreed upon between them and the treasurer,
and finding fit sustenance for the heir; with clause touching
maintenance of buildings and support of charges. By bill
of the treasurer.
Feb 12 Westminster Calendar of Fine Rolls pp
||Commitment to Thomas
Broket,by mainprise of William Gamell and
John Cerf, both of the county of York,of
the keeping of all the lands late of George Salvan
and Elizabeth his wife, who held of the king
in chief on the days of their death, which have come to
the king's hands by the death of the said George and Elizabeth
and by reason of the minority of their heir; to
hold the same from the time of the death of George until
the full age of the said heir, together with the marriage
of the heir, and so from heir to heir until one
of them shall have attained full age and the marriage
shall have been effected, rendering for the keeping and
marriage as much as may be agreed upon between him and
the treasurer. By bill of William Kynwolmerssh, the treasurer's
deputy. Vacated on surrender, since the king on 18 November,
8 Henry V, by letters patent and by a certain mainprise
committed the keeping of the said lands to Maud late the
wife of Peter de Mauley, 'chivaler,' to hold the same
under a certain form. And so these letters are cancelled.
Feb 9 Westminster C66/401 Calendar of Patent
Rolls p 213
Commission to Richard Norton, Thomas Broket
and Guy Roucliff to enquire into the report that
divers goods, jewels, vestments and other things late
of Henry Lescrope, 'chivalier', deceased, pertaining
to the King on account of his forfeiture, have
come to the hands of Margery, dame Lescrope, his mother,
and others of the county and city of York (see Pugh 1988
Thomas received £8 expenses from the Exchequer on
27th October 1419 for safely carrying the goods and jewels
from York to London (Devon 1837 p 361; Kingsford 1919
Guy Roucliff was an eminent lawyer and local gentleman.
He became Recorder of York, the Corporation's chief legal
adviser, in the 1450s (Palliser 1979 p 74).
In a Wardrobe Account for 1420-2 (E101/407/5 roll 6 mm
9, 10) there is a long list of goods of the late lord
le Scrope which had been received from Thomas
Broket. This list no doubt relates to the goods
which Scrope's mother had managed to retain for a time.
It consists chiefly of rich cloths and vestments (Kingsford
1919 pp 98-9).
Aug 23 Westminster
Calendar of Fine Rolls p 286
|Commitment to Thomas
Broket and John Presfen [Preston?],by mainprise
of Roger Byrne of the county of York and Simon Yerll of
the county of Devon,of the keeping of the
manors of Upsale and Kylvyngton, co. York, and all other
lands late of Henry Lescrop, late lord de Masham,
in the wapentakes of Bridford and Allertonshire, co. York,
which pertain of right to the king by reason of the forfeiture
of the said Henry; to hold the same from the time of the
death of William Lasyngby (to whom the king lately granted
the said manors and lands for life, rent free), for
20 years, rendering yearly the extent thereof,
or as much as may be agreed upon between them and the
treasurer. By bill of William Kynwolmerssh, the treasurer's
Nov 18 Westminster Calendar of Fine Rolls pp
to Maud late the wife of Peter de Maulay, 'chivaler,'by
mainprise of Marmaduke de Lumley, clerk, and William Mayhu,of
the keeping of all the lands late of George Salvan
and Elizabeth his wife, who held of the king
in chief on the days of their death, which came to the
king's hands by the death of the said George and Elizabeth
and by reason of the minority of their heir; to hold the
same from the time of the death of the said George until
the full age of the said heir, and if the said heir die
before attaining full age leaving an heir within age and
unmarried, then the said Maud shall have the keeping of
all the said lands together with the marriage of such
heir, and so from heir to heir until one of the heirs
of George and Elizabeth shall have attained full age and
Maud shall have effected the marriage, rendering £10
yearly for the keeping at Easter and Michaelmas equally,
and paying for the marriage as much as may be agreed upon
between her and the treasurer, finding sufficient maintenance
for the heir, maintaining the houses and buildings in
existence on the lands, and supporting all other charges
incumbent thereon: as Thomas Broket has
surrendered in the Chancery for cancellation the letters
patent of 12 February, 5 Henry V [see 1418 above], by
which the king committed to him the keeping of the said
lands, together with the marriage of the heir, he rendering
for the said keeping and marriage as much as might be
agreed upon between him and the treasurer. By bill of
William Kynwolmerssh, the treasurer's deputy.
Dec 3 Westminster Calendar of Fine Rolls
to Thomas Broket,by mainprise of
John Cerff of the county of York and
John Santon of the county of Hertford,of the keeping
of all the lands late of Thomas Hesylrigg of Eslyngton,
esquire, who held of the king in chief on the day of his
death; to hold the same from the time of the death of
the said Thomas Hesylrigg until the lawful age of his
son and heir, together with the marriage of the said heir,
rendering yearly for the keeping of the lands the true
extent thereof or as much as may be agreed upon between
him and the treasurer, and for the marriage as much as
may likewise be agreed upon, and finding fit maintenance
for the heir; with clause touching maintenance of houses
and buildings, and support of charges. By bill of the
No IPM exists, so by his death Thomas held no land in chief.
May 10 Westminster Calendar of Fine Rolls pp
to Richard Bank,by mainprise of
Thomas Bank, Thomas Broket and William
Hemmyngburgh of the county of York,of the
keeping of Robert son and heir of Robert de Plesyngton,
who was the son of Robert de Plesyngton, 'chivaler,' and
a tenant of the king in chief, it is said; to hold the
same until the lawful age of the said heir together with
his marriage and so from heir to heir until the marriage,
if it should pertain to the king, shall have been effected,
rendering for the marriage as much as may be agreed upon
between him and the treasurer. By bill of the treasurer.
Commitment (with like clause) to Richard Bank,by
mainprise of Thomas Bank, Thomas Broket
and William Hemmyngburgh of the county of York,of
the keeping of all the lands late of
Robert de Plesyngton son of Robert de Plesyngton, knight,
who, it is said, held of the king in chief; to hold the
same from the time of the death of the said Robert the
son until the lawful age of Robert his son and heir, and
so from heir to heir until one of them shall have attained
full age, rendering the extent thereof yearly by equal
portion at Michaelmas and Easter, or as much as may be
agreed upon between him and the treasurer, if the keeping
should pertain of right to the king, and finding fit sustenance
for the heir. By bill of the treasurer.
Jul 4 Westminster Calendar
of Fine Rolls p 313
||Commitment to John
Beauver and William Bereford,by mainprise of Thomas
Broket of the county of York and Richard Denton
of the county of Leicester,of the keeping of (1)
a moiety of a messuage and 5 acres of land in Barkeby,
co. Leicester, which is in the king's hand by the forfeiture
which the vicar of Barkeby made thereof by appropriating
the same to himself and his church without the king's
licence, and (2) a messuage and certain lands in Knoston,
co. Leicester, which are in the king's hand by the forfeiture
of John Hilton of Knoston, outlawed for felony; to hold
the same from Easter last for as long as the premises
shall remain in the king's hand for the causes aforesaid,
rendering yearly by equal portions at the Michaelmas and
Easter Exchequers the 4s. for which answer was made to
the king for the said lands, and an increment of 4d.;
with clause touching maintenance of buildings and support
of charges. By bill of the treasurer.
Jul 17 Westminster Calendar of Fine Rolls p 437
||Commitment to John
Cerff,by mainprise of Thomas Broket
and John Aglyon, both of the county of
York,of the keeping of all the lands late
of Thomas Hebbourne, who held of the king in
chief on the day of his death; to hold the same from the
time of the death of Thomas until the lawful age of John
his son and heir, together with the marriage of the heir,
and so from heir to heir until one of them shall have
attained full age, and the marriage shall have been effected,
rendering for the keeping and marriage aforesaid as much
as may be agreed upon between him iand the treasurer,
and finding fit maintenance for the heir; with clause
touching maintenance of houses, enclosures and buildings,
and support of charges. By bill of the treasurer. [See
Dec 3 Westminster
Calendar of Patent Rolls p 157
king's father on 17 July, 10 Henry V, by letters patent,
by manucaption of Thomas Brokel (sic)
and John Agylon, both of the county of
York, committed to John Cerff the custody
of all the lands and tenements which belonged
to Thomas Hebbourne, deceased, tenant in chief
of the king's said father, from the date of the death
of the said Thomas, during the minority of John, his son
and heir, together with the marriage of the same John,
and in the event of his dying a minor leaving an heir
under age, the said John Cerff was to have the custody
and marriage of such heir, and so from heir to heir till
one attained his age and the said John Cerff had realised
such marriage, paying to the king's said father for the
said custody and marriage a sum to be agreed on with the
treasurer of England. The said John Cerff has now surrendered
the above grant to the intent that Thomas Holden, esquire,
should have the said custody by grant of the present king,
who grants it to him accordingly, on the like terms, he
to pay for it and the marriage, 11 marks in hand. [See
4 Mar Windsor (Eton College Records, vol 13 pt 2:
Index to Windsor Deeds nos 701-950, no 753)
by Robert Bolley of New Windsor Squier of all his lands
and tenements in New Windsor to Thomas Broket,
John Agelyon, William Boucher of Cobrook,
Robert Prycke yeoman, Nicolas Walton, Philip Parker, citizen
and bowyere of London and William Malthom. [Thomas would
have been styled 'the younger'as in the 1419-22
about properties in Wycombeif his son had been the
Thomas died 13 April 1435 and was buried in Bolton Percy
Church; Dionisia 2 years later. In his Visitation of Yorkshire
in 1584/5 Glover described an inscription on a gravestone,
which was still in the Church in 1641 according to Drake (Foster
1875 p 425, retaining the editor's transliteration; Drake
1736 p 386; Speight 1902 p 120):
jacet Thomas Brockett, et Dionisia, uxor
ejus, qui quidem Thomas, obiit xiii. die Aprilis, Ao Dni.
mccccxxxv., praedictaque Dionisia, obiit
xiv. April., Ano Dni. mccccxxxvii.
lies Thomas Broket and Dionisia his wife.
Thomas died 13 April 1435 and Dionisia
died 14 April 1437.
No will has been found. York wills are lost
1408-17 and 1418-26 (Moran 1985 p 231).